Thursday, March 15, 2018

CedarCreek releases ultra-premium wines

Photo: CedarCreek estate vineyard in November, 2018

The excellent notes that CedarCreek prepares on its wine indicate that nearly all of these six wines were released last year.

However, the covering letter with the samples is dated early February, 2018. That suggests the wines might still be available in the wine shop, through the web site or in some restaurants.

The wine shop sales last year likely were a bit slow because of the disruption caused by construction. In fact, access to the shop was not as difficult as it looked from the road.

Construction involved building a totally new wine shop on the spot once occupied by a rambling cottage that, over the years, served as a winemaker’s residence, offices for the owners and, briefly, a guest house. (I spent a week there once with just a mouse to keep me company.)

The new wine shop and restaurant will be completed by this fall. “We’re elevating the wine country experience to a whole new level here at CedarCreek,” winemaker Taylor Whelan and general manager Scott Locke say in the covering letter. “In a lot of ways, we feel the winery is now catching up to the wine.”

It is worth noting that three of reds are from the 2014 vintage, so far still the best Okanagan vintage ever. The other vintages shown by these wines are none too shabby either.

Most of the fruit, if not all, for the reds comes from CedarCreek’s two Osoyoos vineyards – Desert Ridge, not far north of town, and Haynes Creek, just southeast of the town with a slope to Osoyoos Lake. Planted in the early 2000s, the vines are now mature and are producing top quality fruit.

The winery’s notes reveal that the winemaking is painstaking in its detail. For example, 10% of the Riesling was fermented with wild yeast in French oak, providing a portion of the blend that adds texture and mouth feel to the wine.

The centerpiece of this release would be the 2014 The Last Word. “Only a few times a decade, when nature conspires, does the opportunity for as truly remarkable wine reveal itself,” the winery’s notes say. The four varietals in the blend were co-fermented on the skins for 29 days in concrete and then aged 20 months in French oak.

The winery says the wine has “excellent tannin structure. Spicy dark fruit will evolve and intensify with age. Should peak 2024 to 2029.” The price – this is one of the most expensive wines yet from CedarCreek – tells you how much the winery esteems this wine.

Here are notes on the wines.

CedarCreek Platinum Block 3 Riesling 2016 ($23.99 for 341 cases). The wine is exquisitely balanced: racy acidity of 10.1 grams is offset with 14.8 grams of residual sugar. There is just 10.5% alcohol. Those numbers, however, tell us that this wine can be enjoyed now but will age through its 10th birthday. At this stage in its development, there is just a hint of petrol mingled with the citrus aromas and intense lemon and lime flavours. The bright acidity gives the wine a refreshing, tangy finish. 92.

CedarCreek The Senator Red 2015 ($17.49 for 2,335 cases). This is a blend of 40% Cabernet Franc, 24% Cabernet Sauvignon, 22% Syrah, 14% Merlot. The wine was aged 16 months in French oak. It begins with aromas of blackberry and cherry, leading to flavours of prune, figs, dark chocolate and coffee. The texture is firm. 89.

CedarCreek Estate Syrah 2015 ($24.49 for 603 cases). This wine, which is sold only at the winery and to the wine club, is made with grapes from the winery’s Haynes Creek Vineyard in Osoyoos. It begins with aromas of plum and fig along with a meaty note reminiscent of rare steak. That is echoed on the earthy palate, along with a note of black pepper. 90.

CedarCreek Platinum Desert Ridge Merlot 2014 ($49.99 for 1,102 cases). The winery’s Desert Ridge Vineyard north of Osoyoos includes 11 acres of Merlot and – to quote the winery “within them four distinct levels of refinement in the fruit.” The best fruit is hand-selected for this ultra-premium wine. It begins with lovely aromas of cassis, black cherry and vanilla (reflecting 20 months oak aging). The wine opens with flavours of cherry, black currant and blueberry. The long, ripe tannins give the wine a silken polish to the c0ncentrated texture. 92.

CedarCreek Platinum Desert Ridge Meritage 2014 ($49.99 for 1,150 cases). The blend is 53% Merlot, 20% Cabernet Sauvignon, 18% Malbec and 9% Cabernet Franc. The wine, which was aged in French oak for 20 months, is bold and full-bodied. It begins with aromas of cassis and vanilla with a pronounced floral and perfumed Malbec aromas. On the palate, there are flavours of black cherry and plum. The Cabernet Sauvignon in the blend – CedarCreek grows a small-berried clone – gives this wine its intense colour and age-worthy structure. Decant the wine if you must drink it now or set it aside until 2025. 92- 94                                                                                                                                                                         

CedarCreek The Last Word 2014 ($85 for 390 cases). The blend is 34% Merlot, 31% Cabernet Franc, 26% Cabernet Sauvignon and 9% Malbec. The grapes were co-fermented in concrete and the wine was aged 20 months in French oak. It is a dark and concentrated wine with layers of fruit. It begins with aromas of blueberry, cherry and vanilla. On the palate, the wine is rich and deep, with layer after layer of dark red fruit revealing itself. The wine was double decanted to unlock the flavours. A better idea would be the lay the wine away at least for 10 years. 94.

Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Rioja's modern winemaking

 Photo: Rioja winemaker Chema Ryan

Spanish winemaker Chema Ryan, the technical director for Muriel Wines in Rioja, will make his 21st vintage this fall.

Despite his surname, he is thoroughly Spanish. His great-grandfather came from Ireland, married a Spanish woman and stayed. Chema represents the fourth generation of Spanish Ryans.

“Since I was a teenager, I always wanted to be a winemaker, or I wanted to do something related to wine,” Ryan says. “I studied chemistry; then I did a PhD in wine; and then I studied enology.” And there was a job for him at the winery, which had been founded in the 1920s by a maternal grandfather. Like many Rioja wineries, it still is family owned and operated.

Ryan’s career may well have paralleled one of the most dynamic times for Rioja, arguably the most famous “brand” in Spanish wine, both around the world and in Spain itself. Rioja table wines are sprinkled on restaurant wine lists throughout Spain.

It reflects the volume of production as well as the historic reputation. With 65,000 hectares of vineyards, Rioja is the second largest appellation in Spain. Indeed, it is sad to be the second largest appellation in the world, after La Mancha (also in Spain).

“If we look back 40 years ago, I can assure you there were 10 times fewer wineries than now,” Ryan says. “The vineyard surface was half of what is now planted. The concept of viticulture was different. The local viticulture was a complement to income. It was not their profession.”

The winemaking style also was different. When I first visited Rioja about 25 years ago, I tasted both red and white wines that – for a New World palate – had been aged too long in barrel. It has long been a Rioja tradition not to release wines until they are ready to drink. Given the tannin-heavy traditional winemaking, it took the wines considerable time to smooth out in the bottle.
Today’s Rioja wines still get the time they need in barrel but the aging appears less excessive than it once was. The Rioja wines on display at the recent Vancouver International Wine Festival invariably showed more fruit than barrel flavours, making for altogether more satisfying drinking.

One of the Muriel group’s top wines is Conde de los Andes. The red, which would sell for $70 is listed here, is from the 2001 vintage, a very great year in Rioja. The wine, made from Tempranillo, still displays fresh flavours. Its only concession to age is its velvet texture. This is also a good example of contemporary winemaking in Rioja.

“Rioja today has tried to adapt to the different demands the market asks of us,” Ryan says. “Today, the wine culture and knowledge of the consumer is greater. People are beginning to ask what is the grape; has the wine been aged; where is it from. The customer has begun to be a judge.”

Forty years ago, he suggests, Rioja winemaking was not nearly the professional business it has become.

“Wine was produced as it was,” Ryan says. “We had the vineyards, we had the terroirs, but we were not conscious of them. Then it came to the 1970s and the 1980s, and Rioja started to be strong in the markets. That is when Rioja started to go out to the international markets and be known. The concept of Rioja in those times was just Rioja. Nowadays, we have reached the point where we are talking about 65,000 hectares, a production of 400 million bottles, of which 120 million go abroad.”

There are major moves in Spanish winemaking to give more recognition to individual terroirs and sub-appellations. There are producers in Rioja now carving out their individuality, differentiating their wines from the vast ocean of Rioja.

Current classifications of Rioja wines are based on traditional aging. If the label reads just Rioja, the wine will have aged less than a year in oak. Crianza on a Rioja label means the wine has been aged two years (one in barrel). Reserva means the wine has been aged three years (including one at least in barrel). Gran Reserva means the wine will have been aged at least two years in barrel and three in bottle before release.

“Nowadays, the aging times have been lowered,” Ryan says. “There will still be a few wineries that age their wines for a long time. In our case, it depends on the style of the wine we want to produce. We have wines we age up to three years in barrel and we have wines we just age six months to a year.”

Rioja producers now are going beyond the historic classifications. “The changes we are having now is that we are going to be able to differentiate the different qualities in Rioja,” Ryan says. “The top classification will be the single vineyard Rioja. It is a demand we made and 2017 will be the first vintage when we will start applying this concept, to differentiate Rioja.”

The more flavoursome Rioja wines in the market reflect significant improvements in viticulture (in Spain as in the rest of the wine world).

“From a viticulture that what the vineyard gave was welcome, we have moved on to productive viticulture and we are looking at the vineyards and saying, be careful,” Ryan says. “It is a question of how we produce. Now we see, not just in Rioja but all over the world, what we take care off is the vineyard. At the end, wine is made with grapes.  Many years ago, I heard people say, don’t worry, just bring the grapes and I will make the wine. No, the wine is made in the vineyard.”

He believes that the Tempranillo grape variety, the base of most Rioja reds, is also an advantage. “Tempranillo is a consumer-friendly grape,” he says.

The Spanish take pride in the belief that Tempranillo is a Spanish variety rather than a French one. The ampelography is extremely complex but it basically supports that belief.

However, Jancis Robinson and her colleagues, in Wine Grapes, could not resist telling the romantic story.

“Legend has it that Tempranillo was brought to Spain from Burgundy by Cistercian monks from the Abbaye de Citeaux and could be related to Pinot, suggesting a link via the pilgrim route to Santiago de Compostela that crosses Rioja …” the authors write. “However, this hypothesis can be rejected by DNA analysis.”
“A good Tempranillo has to be friendly from when it is born,” Ryan says. “It is a wine that, even in fermentation, before malolactic, you already have that nice drinking sensation. And throughout its evolution, the wine rounds up even more.”

Conde de los Andes and the other Muriel wines are available in private wine stores. Only one is currently listed in BC Liquor Distribution Branch: Muriel Vendimia Seleccionada 2012 Rioja Reserva at about $25 a bottle.

Meanwhile, the BCLDB lists 33 Rioja wines out of a total of 164 Spanish wines and beers. The includes one well-aged Rioja from historic Bodegas Faustino (established in 1861). Faustino Rioja Gran Reserva 1964, at $210.99 a bottle.

Friday, March 9, 2018

Liquidity's new "taste before buying" premium wine club

Liquidity winemaker Alison Moyes

Liquidity Wines, a wine producer at Okanagan Falls, has come up with a clever vehicle for marketing its emerging range of reserve wine: a taste-before-you-buy club.

“With the Equity Tasting Club, we are launching a series of higher end wines,” says Alison Moyes, Liquidity’s winemaker. “People can’t always make it to the tasting room to try those wines, which are $50 t0 $80 a bottle wines. So we send the tasting room to them.  That is the principle of the whole thing.”

Liquidity now has two wine clubs, both featuring free shipping. The existing club has no annual fee and offers members selections from estate wines in the portfolio.

 While there likely will be some overlap in club offering, members of the new Equity Tasting Club – membership is limited to about 100 – will pay $75 a year. They will commit to buying 18 bottles a year, six of which will be Reserve Tier wines.

Twice a year, before they buy, they will receive a sample box of upcoming unreleased vintages. Each box has three 200 ml samples of premium wines available for ordering. The wines will arrive with the winemaker’s notes. There also are other benefits offered to Equity Club members, including access to library wine releases.

“Free shipping is always a key one,” Alison says. “There is a 10% discount at the winery bistro; free tickets to one member event a year; library releases. We have a limited library which we release to the Equity Club a couple of times a year. And there are options to pre-order certain wines before they are released to the general public.”

My initial reaction was why do I need to taste Alison’s wines before I commit to buying them. She has quickly established a formidable track record for producing very solid wines at Liquidity. The winery now makes around 7,500 cases a year and is particularly notable for its Pinot Noir and its Chardonnay.

But I take Alison’s point that it is reasonable for buyers of expensive wines to have the opportunity to taste before committing the big bucks.

The 200 ml samples contain enough wine to support an assessment. “Two people could taste it and discuss it,” Alison says. “We debated what size we wanted to do. This is our premium wine, so we don’t necessarily want to give it away. There is enough in the little bottle to really get a sense of it.”

The sample box sent to media reviewers included three unreleased wines; one was a 2016 Chardonnay Reserve and one was a 2016 Estate Chardonnay. Both are fine wines but the Reserve is a significant step up in complexity.

Reserve wines should be stand-out wines. There are a handful of producers that use the reserve designation so loosely that it really means nothing. Surely, $20 wines, however well made, are unlikely to achieve reserve quality levels.

Liquidity’s estate wines already are excellent but the Reserve wines show an extra degree of care, both in the vineyard and in the winemaking.

Among other wines, Alison has laid down both a traditional method sparkling wine and a premium Merlot as part of the winery’s premium program.

The sparkling wine cuvée, only 125 cases, will not be released until 2020, after it has had three years aging on the lees.

To make the Merlot, she studied the methodology of Château Pétrus, the producer of one of the most renowned and expensive Merlot-based wines in Bordeaux. (That is not to say this will be Liquidity’s first $1,000 bottle of wine.)

“I have looked at their philosophy of making Merlot and why,” Alison says. “It is so valuable. I have taken some of the same ideas, including premium fruit cropped to a low yield, and extended barrel aging with a higher percentage of new oak.”

She launched this Merlot project in 2016. “We are laying the wine down for three years - 100 cases of premium Merlot that we will call Alto. It is an exercise in patience. We don’t want to rush it to market. We want to do it right.”

It sounds like it would a good idea to join the Equity Tasting Club, f0r advance notice of the exciting wines in Liquidity’s pipeline.

Here are notes on the trio in the initial  Equity Tasting Club sampler. The next taster box will have samples of  Viognier 2017,  Rose 2017 and 2016 Equity Pinot Noir.

Liquidity Estate Chardonnay 2016 ($26). Crisp and clean, this is a lovely fruit-driven wine. It begins with aromas of citrus and apple. On the palate, there is a medley of peach and ripe pear flavours. 90.

Liquidity Reserve Chardonnay 2016 ($N/A). This is a rich and powerful wine, with a creamy texture. The buttery, marmalade flavours are enhanced with a touch of vanilla from very well-handled oak. 92.

Liquidity Estate Pinot Noir 2016 ($26). Dark in colour, this is an intense, concentrated Pinot Noir with aromas and flavours of cherry and vanilla and a hint of spice on the finish. There is a good cellar life ahead of this wine: I would recommend not opening it for another couple of years. 90-92.

Monday, March 5, 2018

Poplar Grove releases: Current and future

Photo: Poplar Grove's Natasha Ponich

My last visit to taste in the Okanagan was during a surprisingly cold and snowy week early in November.

However, I managed to keep my rental car on the road and I got to all my appointments on time. In fact, the tastings were often quite leisurely because the usual wine tourists had the good sense to stay off the roads.

My final appointment was with Stefan Arnason, the winemaker at Poplar Grove Winery in Penticton. He had spent the better part of that week judging wine in California. His return flight through Vancouver had been delayed by the weather.

Fortunately for me, Natasha Ponich, his assistant, took me through an excellent tasting of Poplar Grove’s premium wines. Some of those are just being released or will be released later this year.

The current release package from the winery’s marketing staff includes just three wines, among them the first 2017 Pinot Gris I have seen. The superb 2016 Pinot Gris I tasted with Natasha is sold out.

Natasha is a native of Duncan on Vancouver Island. “I grew up down the street from Blue Grouse Estate Winery,” she says. “I rode horses and enjoyed the rural life.  It is a lovely area and a great place to grow up.”

In due course, her love of the rural lifestyle brought her to the Okanagan Valley. She got a job with Earlco Holdings Ltd., a major vineyard management company based on the Naramata Bench. She spent five years there and also completed to the winemaking program at Okanagan College.

When Natasha moved back to Vancouver Island (for personal reasons), she was hired by Bill Montgomery, who had opened 40 Knots Vineyard & Winery at Comox in 2011. About the time he sold the winery in 2014, Natasha returned to the Okanagan, eventually landing the enviable assistant winemaker post at the prestigious Poplar Grove winery.

Poplar Grove was established about 1995 by Ian and Gitta Sutherland. The wines, especially the reds, developed an early cult following. It is no longer a boutique winery but it has, if anything, a stronger following. 

In 2008, Tony Holler, a Naramata Bench neighbour of Ian, acquired control of Poplar Grove and transformed its status. The son of Austrian immigrants, Tony, born in 1951, grew up on a Summerland orchard, went to medical school and succeeded in the pharmaceutical industry. He has applied his focussed entrepreneurship to the wine business.

He already was buying Poplar Grove wines and believed in the Okanagan’s potential to produce wines ranking with the best in the world. “I wasn’t that interested in having a tiny boutique winery,” Tony said. So he invested in vineyards to become nearly self sufficient in grapes, and in a well equipped modern winery.

“Ian and his winemaking team were working from a 4,000-5,000 square foot building, producing this wine with very little technology,” Tony told me a few years ago. “The question in my mind was what if we had the proper infrastructure – a winery with the right cooling systems, with the right tanks and the right barrels, what can this winery really become?”

The answer is in the impressive portfolio made by the winemaking team.

Poplar Grove is now a Holler family project, with one of the owner’s sons now living in the valley and growing grapes.

“The family is all involved,” one of the staff tells me. “It is certainly a family passion project. Tony Holler is never in a bad mood when he comes in here. It just lifts the staff. You can imagine the amount of stress that a business like this creates. He is always so positive when he comes in, so positive about the wines we are creating down here – and he really believes in them.”

Here are my notes. The wines will make you a believer, too.

Poplar Grove Pinot Gris 2017 ($17.30). Natasha says she is “super excited” about the white wines from the 2017 vintage, something I am hearing from others in the industry. The fruity aromas of this wine – banana, citrus, pear and apple – brought a spontaneous “wow” from a fellow taster. The wine delivers flavours of citrus, pears and apples with a touch of spice on the crisp and refreshing finish. As delicious as the wine is now, there is even more upside if you give it another few months of bottle age. 91.

Poplar Grove Viognier 2016 Haynes Vineyard ($21.65). The wine begins with aromas of stone fruit and it delivers flavours of apricots, peaches and apples. The finish is crisp and racy. 91.

Poplar Grove Chardonnay 2016 ($19.04). This wine delivers intense fruity aromas and flavours – peaches, citrus, cloves. The acidity is fresh and bright (the wine was not permitted to go through malolactic fermentation). Only 18% of the wine spent any time in oak. The result is a refreshing wine with great appeal. 91.

Poplar Grove Reserve Chardonnay 2015 ($26 for 168 cases). This is almost a polar opposite in style. Totally fermented in oak, it is a rich, buttery wine with a medley of marmalade flavours. On the finish, there are notes of vanilla and spice. 92.

Poplar Grove Syrah 2014 ($30.35). There is three percent Viognier in this wine. It begins with aromas of blueberries, licorice and fig. The palate displays a broad array of red fruits, including fig, plum, and black cherry. There is a hint of pepper on the finish. Big ripe tannins give the wine a plushness on the finish. 91.

Poplar Grove Benchmark 2014 ($N/A). This is a blend of Merlot, Malbec and Cabernet Franc. The red berry aromas jump from the glass. On the palate, there are flavours of black currant, mulberry, black cherry, with a lingering spice on the finish.  This is a magnificent blend; just put it down for 10 years and let it reward your patience. 92.

Poplar Grove Merlot 2015 ($26). Look for this wine to be released in the fall. It is a bold, generous wine with dark, brooding flavours of black currant, dark chocolate, and blueberries. The concentrated texture signals that the wine needs to be cellared. 91.

Poplar Grove Cabernet Franc 2015 Classic ($N/A). Another fall release; the grapes are from Osoyoos vineyards. The wine shows the bold character  of the hot 2015 vintage. “The tannins help hold the alcohol,” Natasha says. “All of our 2015s had big alcohols.” The wine begins with perfumed aromas of blackberry, also with a delicate touch of smoke. On the palate the are flavours of brambleberries and cherries, with long ripe tannins and a finish that does not want to quit. 93.

Poplar Grove Cabernet Franc Munson Mountain 2015 ($35). This is a wine to be offered first to the Poplar Grove wine club. The grapes are from the vineyard directly below the winery on Munson Mountain. The wine is earthy as well as brambly with flavours of black cherry, blackberry and spicy blueberry. 92.

Poplar Grove The Legacy 2014 ($50). This is the winery’s flagship red. It is a blend of 44% Cabernet Franc, 24% Cabernet Sauvignon, 24% Merlot and 4% each of Malbec and Petit Verdot. The wine aged 21 months in oak. The wine has not yet been released but collectors need to get on the list; this superb wine is from one of the Okanagan’s best vintages and will age well. Already, it appeals with aromas off cassis and black cherry. On the palate, there is rich, dark fruit mingling sweetly with chocolate and spice. 94.

Thursday, March 1, 2018

Quails' Gate Riesling pays tribute to history

A special Riesling table wine has just been released by Quails’ Gate Estate Winery to pay tribute to the “Okanagan’s first age-worthy Riesling, produced in the 1980s by Jordan & Ste. Michelle Winery.”

I did not think that was enough detail for a wine that celebrates a significant moment in the history of BC wine. In fact, I have been around long enough to remember some of that history. Knowing it should add to your appreciation of the wine.

Jordan & Ste-Michelle Cellars (the correct spelling) disappeared from the BC scene after it was absorbed in the late 1980s by T. G Bright & Co. Before that, there was a long and colourful history. The roots go back to 1923 and a loganberry winery near Victoria which became known as Grower’s Wines.

For many years, the controlling shareholder was Herbert Anscomb, who also became BC’s finance minister. The conflict of interest did not bother him. He actually used his power to stop Brights from building a bottling plant in BC in 1940. His greatest political rival was W.A.C Bennett, who stepped down as president of Calona Wines after he was elected to the legislature.

Anscomb died in 1973 and Growers was purchased by Jordans, an Ontario winery that had begun to operate nationally. The ownership story at Jordans is complex, but the important detail is that controlling interest was acquired by Rothmans, the big cigarette producer.

Rothmans gave its executives and winemakers (who were all well-trained Germans) the tools to get serious about winemaking in Canada. They built a large grape nursery in Ontario. In BC they began planting clone 21B Riesling in 1978.

“I think we brought in 22,000 plants that year,” says Frank Whitehead, one of the viticulturists for Jordan & Ste-Michelle. “All planted on the long weekend in May.”  And all were planted in East Kelowna, where some survive to make spectacular Old Vines Riesling at Tantalus, Sperling Vineyards and St. Hubertus.

Clone 21B, sometimes called the Weis clone, was developed in the Mosel in the late 1940s by Hermann Weis. When the variety’s superior winemaking quality were realized, he began to market it outside Germany, including in Ontario and then in the Okanagan.

“Jordan & Ste-Michelle financed growers in BC over three years and placed a price guarantee on the crop for the new plantings in the first few years of production,” Whitehead recalls.

Quails’ Gate enters the story because Richard Stewart, whose family now operate this winery, bought vineyard land on the slopes of Mt. Boucherie in the early 1960s. The current vineyard map shows two small blocks of Maréchal Foch, totalling about two acres, which were planted in 1965. There is also a two-acre block of Chasselas, a Swiss white variety, planted in 1975.

“The Stewart Vineyard was one of the main suppliers to Jordan & Ste-Michelle,” Whitehead recalls.

It is probable that the big winery encouraged Richard Stewart to plant Riesling as well, since Jordan & Ste-Michelle enjoyed an instant critical success with its 1981 Riesling  and other vinifera table wines.

At the time Jordan & Ste-Michelle had emerged as a quality wine producer. The winery had moved in 1977 from its decrepit and inefficient building on Quadra St. in Victoria to a new $6 million winery in Cloverdale. It was a beautiful facility with landscaped gardens and views of Mt. Baker. Unfortunately, the winery was dismantled in 1990 after Brights took over and moved production to its plain Jane facility north of Oliver.

But Jordan had had a good run. An undated press release, probably 1982, said the winery had just introduced “its 1981 line of seven premium varietal wines.” The winery singled out Auxerrois, Maréchal Foch and Johannisberg Riesling. “These varietal wines represent the company’s continued commitment to sourcing the majority of its premium products from British Columbia vineyards,” the release says.

Richard Stewart planted two blocks of Riesling. The 1981 block, likely 21B, was replaced in 2008 with 2.3 acres of Chardonnay. But the 1982 block, five acres of clone 21B grapes remains in production.

The 2017 B.M.V Collector Series Riesling, the wine just being released, is a blend of this Riesling and of clone 49. Quails’ Gate planted about six acres of this in its Martyna Vineyard in East Kelowna (not far from Tantalus).

Riesling lovers will be cheered by the increasing focus that Quails’ Gate winemaker Nikki Callaway (right) has been giving to the variety. While Pinot Noir remains the flagship at Quails’ Gate, the rest of the portfolio is every bit as well made.

“Since we already have a Riesling, I wanted to make sure the BMV was significantly different than our QG Dry Riesling,” Nikki explains.  “Our QG is stainless steel fermented, so I thought I’d try some barrel fermentation for the BMV.  Also, I wanted it to be indigenous yeast, which is easier to manage I find in barrels.  So I had some old white barrels empty, and thought I’d give it a try.  It took a good two months to ferment.  And because it was indigenous, there is some residual sugar, but I find that is balanced quite nicely with the higher acidity.  Again, the QG Riesling is dry. To differentiate BMV Riesling, I was happy to have finished it in a sweeter, more round style.” 

Here are my notes:

Quails’ Gate B.M.V Riesling 2017 ($29.99 for 550 cases). This wine, which was fermented with wild yeast and aged about two months in neutral barrels, has numbers that look like a fine German Riesling: 15.4 grams of residual sugar are balanced by a bracing 9.6 gram of acid. The alcohol is a moderate 12.5%. It begins with aromas of peach and lemon, leading to flavours of lemon, lime and stone fruit. The bright acidity does indeed balance the sweetness. The finish is exceptionally long. The wine is delicious now but it will age to even greater complexity and richness. 92.

Tuesday, February 27, 2018

Blue Mountain and Stag's Hollow wines

Photo: Barrels at Stag's Hollow vineyard

In the spirit of Noah’s Ark, I am presenting two pairs of wines from the Okanagan Falls appellation.

The varietal pairings, if we were in Europe, would not be from the same appellation and perhaps not even from the same country. Wine growers in the Okanagan are blessed to be able to grow about 100 different varieties, often in vineyards that are a stone’s throw apart.

This is a case in point. The distance between Blue Mountain Vineyards & Cellars and Stag’s Hollow Winery & Vineyard is less than five kilometers. The former winery is dedicated to Burgundian varieties while the latter has a long history with Bordeaux varieties. Both wineries do a good job with their grapes.

At Blue Mountain, the Mavety family has farmed that vineyard since 1972. They began specializing in Pinot Noir and other Burgundian varieties about 1986.

The current releases are both from 2016, a very good vintage in the Okanagan, especially for white wines. The whites invariably show bright, refreshing acidity. Blue Mountain’s 2016 Chardonnay is one of the best from that vintage – a wine with intense flavours, showcasing the fruit.

The price caught me a bit by surprise – not because it is high but because is just $21 a bottle. Blue Mountain has generally held the line on prices for some time. It is something you can afford to do when the mortgage was paid off long ago, and when the winery is run by a family.

The other release is Blue Mountain’s popular 2016 Gamay Noir. The variety is sometimes regarded as the junior red grape in Burgundy, so junior that various dukes of Burgundy tried to have it banished entirely, without success.

Blue Mountain, by championing Gamay Noir, solidified the variety’s place in the Okanagan and the Similkameen. Of the top of my mind, I can think of at least six other producers where Gamay also flourishes now: Robin Ridge, Platinum Bench, Desert Hills, Deep Roots, JoieFarm and Hillside Cellars.

Blue Mountain’s wines are entirely estate-grown (and always have been). Stag’s Hollow, which opened in 1996, has been moving in that direction. Linda Pruegger, one of the owners, writes: “At the end of the 2017 vintage, 85% of our wines were estate grown.”

Stag’s Hollow is unlikely to move to total estate production.  Dwight Sick, the winemaker, also likes to make wines with Syrah and Grenache. These are among the few varieties not suited to the Okanagan Falls terroir.

The current trio of releases from Stag’s Hollow includes a Syrah produced with grapes from two vineyards on the Osoyoos East Bench. The wine is not reviewed here because my sample bottle seemed to have an issue and a second bottle was not immediately available. I expect the second bottle will impress, as have previous Syrah vintages from Stag’s Hollow.

The two other reds from Stag’s Hollow are from the 2015 vintage, a vintage that produced big, powerful reds. Both are designated “Renaissance.”

Linda explains: “Renaissance is our premium tier and wines in this tier are produced only in vintages when the quality warrants it. They are not produced every year.”

Here are notes on all four wines.

Blue Mountain Chardonnay 2016 ($21). The wine delivers excellently focussed fruit, with aromas of citrus mingled ever so gently with butter and vanilla. On the palate, there are flavours of citrus and apples supported very subtly by oak. Seventy percent of the wine was fermented and aged 10 months in oak (new to three years old). By aging the wine on the lees, the winery has achieved a rich texture with a long, lingering finish. Only 10% of the wine went through malolactic fermentation, leaving a wine that is bright and fresh on the palate. 92.

Blue Mountain Gamay Noir 2016 ($23). The winery has enviably mature Gamay vines, ranging from nine to 27 years old, which shows in the concentration and length of this wine. The grapes were macerated for 20 days, extracting more flavour and texture. Fermentation was with wild yeast. The wine was aged 16 months in five-year-old French oak barrels as well as in two 500 litre oak puncheons. The result is a wine with a velvet texture. The aromas begin with notes of cherry. On the palate, there are flavours of cherry and blackberry. On the finish, there are notes of both mocha and spice. 90.

Stag’s Hollow Renaissance Merlot 2015 ($35). The grapes – 95% Merlot, 5% Cabernet Sauvignon – are from the winery’s estate vineyard, where Merlot has been grown for more than 25 years. Half the berries were left whole and went uncrushed into the fermenters. The wine was fermented in French oak barrels where it was aged 15 months. The wine announces itself dramatically with aromas of cassis, cherry, blueberry and cedar. On the palate, there are flavours of black cherry, black currant, tobacco and dark chocolate. The firm texture demands the wine be decanted if you do not take the winery’s advice and cellar it for the next two to seven years. 92.

Stag’s Hollow Renaissance Meritage 2015 ($43.50). It has been 10 years since the winery has released a Meritage. The wine is made only when the vintage is exceptional. This is 76% Merlot, 13% Cabernet Sauvignon and 11% Cabernet Franc, all from the estate vineyard. The grapes were co-fermented and aged 18 months on French oak. The resulting wine is generous on the palate, with aromas of cassis, black cherry and vanilla followed by a rich medley of dark fruit flavours. The wine has a big, boney structure that will allow long aging. I double-decanted the wine to unlock aromas and flavours. Sit on your bottles at least until 2025. 93.

Sunday, February 25, 2018

Privato 2014 Grande Reserve Pinot Noir

Photo: Debbie and John Woodward

At the recent winter wine festival at Sunpeaks, I led a tasting of iconic wines from British Columbia.

I was fortunate to include a Pinot Noir from Privato Vineyard & Winery.

There were two reasons for adding Privato to the lineup. Firstly, it is one of the four wineries in Kamloops, the community down the road from Sunpeaks. Secondly, it is being recognized as one of the more distinguished Pinot Noir producers in BC. The display bottle at my tasting was weighed down with at least three medals. It was obvious, when we tasted the wine, why it was doing so well in competition.

For some background, here is an excerpt from my 2017 book, Icon: Flagship Wines from British Columbia’s Best Wineries.

By launching their Privato winery in Kamloops, where they lived, John and Debbie Woodward gave themselves some daunting challenges. The first was planting Pinot Noir and Chardonnay. Their vineyard on the bank of the North Thompson River, a 30-minute drive north of downtown Kamloops, is one of the most northerly vineyards in British Columbia.

“Debbie has always wanted a vineyard,” says John, who was born in Kamloops in 1954. He is a professional forester, while Debbie is a certified general accountant. Since 1987, they have grown trees for Christmas and for landscaping on their 32-hectare (80-acre) farm. Several years ago, they took time off from this bucolic life to tour in Italy during harvest. Seeing tiny wineries harvesting and processing grapes inspired them. “It was just the fuel we needed to get going,” Debbie says. There was nothing holding them back: they had land and their elegant farm buildings were easily turned into a winery and tasting room. In 2010, they planted 1.2 hectares (3 acres) of vines—Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, and one row of Maréchal Foch.

Since John had limited winemaking experience, he retained a consultant, Gustav Allander of Foxtrot Vineyards. Gustav coached him in making a trial lot of Pinot Noir in 2010 and enough in 2011 for commercial release. In 2013, when Gustav stopped consulting, the Woodwards turned to New Zealand–trained Jacqueline Kemp for guidance on sourcing Okanagan grapes and making wine. She is the winemaker at Moraine Vineyards.

The challenge for collectors of Privato’s Pinot Noirs is the winery’s penchant for identifying small-lot wines with different labels. Tesoro and Fedele are Pinot Noirs from different vineyards. From 2013 forward, these wines succeed the Woodward Collection Pinot Noir. The Grande Réserve Pinot Noir will be released only in exceptional vintages. None was made in 2013, but a 2014 is likely to be released. Pinot Noirs released under the Privato Collection label might be considered the “regular” Pinot Noirs.

While Jacqueline Kemp remains on retainer, the training wheels have come off and John handles most of the winemaking.

Most of Privato’s fruit is sourced from premium Okanagan vineyards. The Privato vineyards is relatively small and, on occasion, the vines and buds are dealt periodic setbacks by the cold winters in the Thompson Valley.

The Grande Réserve Pinot Noir, which likely will be released this spring, is made with grapes from the Devonshire Vineyard on Naramata Bench, where the vines were 28 years old in 2014. I am not sure how the Woodwards managed to lock up such splendid fruit; but it is exactly what one needs for making complex and rich Pinot Noir.

Here are my notes on the wine.

Privato Grande Réserve Pinot Noir 2014 ($54.99). The back label discloses that the grapes were crushed by foot, probably still the gentlest way of crushing Pinot Noir. The wine was aged 18 months in French oak and about two years in bottle before release. In the glass, the wine opens with aromas of spice, raspberry and cherry. Rich and concentrated in texture, it delivers flavours of strawberry and cherry with a touch of mocha and vanilla on the silky finish. This is a wine of considerable elegance. 93.